The Ancient Agora of Athens
The Agora was the heart of ancient Athens, the focus of political, commercial, administrative and social activity, the religious and cultural centre, and the seat of justice.
The Ancient Agora of Athens is a flat area defined by the Sacred Rock of the Acropolis, the hill of Areopagus in the south and the hill of Kolonos Agoraios in the west.
It is traversed by one of the most important ancient roads, the Panathenaic Way, which led to the Acropolis from the main gate of the city, the Dipylon Gate.
This road served as the processional way for the great parade of the Panathenaic festival, which was held to honour the city patron goddess Athena.
The place was occupied without interruption in all periods of the city’s history.
It was used as a residential and burial area as early as the Late Neolithic period (3000 B.C.). Early in the 6th century, in the time of Solon, the Agora became a public area.
It was one of the most important parts of an ancient city of Athens.
In addition to being a place where people gathered to buy and sell all kinds of commodities, it was also a place where people assembled to discuss all kinds of topics: business, politics, current events, or the nature of the universe and the divine.
The Agora of Athens, where ancient Greek democracy first came to life, provides a wonderful opportunity to examine the commercial, political, religious, and cultural life of one of the greatest cities of the ancient world.